As the planet cooled from peak warmth in the early Cenozoic, extensive Northern Hemisphere ice sheets developed by 2.6 Ma ago, leading to changes in the circulation of both the atmosphere and oceans. From not, vert, similar2.6 to not, vert, similar1.0 Ma ago, ice sheets came and went about every 41 ka, in pace with cycles in the tilt of Earth’s axis, but for the past 700 ka, glacial cycles have been longer, lasting not, vert, similar100 ka, separated by brief, warm interglaciations, when sea level and ice volumes were close to present. The cause of the shift from 41 ka to 100 ka glacial cycles is still debated. During the penultimate interglaciation, not, vert, similar130 to not, vert, similar120 ka ago, solar energy in summer in the Arctic was greater than at any time subsequently. As a consequence, Arctic summers were not, vert, similar5 °C warmer than at present, and almost all glaciers melted completely except for the Greenland Ice Sheet, and even it was reduced in size substantially from its present extent. With the loss of land ice, sea level was about 5 m higher than present, with the extra melt coming from both Greenland and Antarctica as well as small glaciers. The Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) peaked not, vert, similar21 ka ago, when mean annual temperatures over parts of the Arctic were as much as 20 °C lower than at present. Ice recession was well underway 16 ka ago, and most of the Northern Hemisphere ice sheets had melted by 6 ka ago. Solar energy reached a summer maximum (9% higher than at present) not, vert, similar11 ka ago and has been decreasing since then, primarily in response to the precession of the equinoxes. The extra energy elevated early Holocene summer temperatures throughout the Arctic 1–3 °C above 20th century averages, enough to completely melt many small glaciers throughout the Arctic, although the Greenland Ice Sheet was only slightly smaller than at present. Early Holocene summer sea ice limits were substantially smaller than their 20th century average, and the flow of Atlantic water into the Arctic Ocean was substantially greater. As summer solar energy decreased in the second half of the Holocene, glaciers re-established or advanced, sea ice expanded, and the flow of warm Atlantic water into the Arctic Ocean diminished. Late Holocene cooling reached its nadir during the Little Ice Age (about 1250–1850 AD), when sun-blocking volcanic eruptions and perhaps other causes added to the orbital cooling, allowing most Arctic glaciers to reach their maximum Holocene extent. During the warming of the past century, glaciers have receded throughout the Arctic, terrestrial ecosystems have advanced northward, and perennial Arctic Ocean sea ice has diminished. Here we review the proxies that allow reconstruction of Quaternary climates and the feedbacks that amplify climate change across the Arctic. We provide an overview of the evolution of climate from the hot-house of the early Cenozoic through its transition to the ice-house of the Quaternary, with special emphasis on the anomalous warmth of the middle Pliocene, early Quaternary warm times, the Mid Pleistocene transition, warm interglaciations of marine isotope stages 11, 5e, and 1, the stage 3 interstadial, and the peak cold of the last glacial maximum.
Written by FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPROVO, Utah-Late Wednesday evening, former BYU men’s basketball star Mel Hutchins passed away at 90 near his home in Encinintas, Calif.Hutchins is one of only four Cougars in program history to have his jersey retired with the others being Danny Ainge, Kresimir Cosic and Roland Minson.Hutchins and Minson had their jerseys retired together February 16,2013. Hutchins was enshrined in the BYU Hall of Fame in 1976.Hutchins led the Cougars to three Skyline Conference titles (1948, 1950, 1951) and the 1951 NIT National Championship with a 62-43 rout of the Dayton Flyers.Hutchins was named as a first-team All-American in 1951 by Look Magazine, Converse, Helms and Sporting News.In his senior campaign, Hutchins netted 15.4 points per game and set a BYU single-season record for rebounds with 471 (or 12.7 rebounds per contest).Hutchins was then drafted second overall in the 1951 NBA Draft and after #1 overall pick Gene Melchiorre was given a lifetime ban from the NBA for point shaving as a collegian, Hutchins was recognized as the #1 overall pick. For this, he was given a $7,000 bonus which was awarded to the top pick in the NBA Draft at that time.While with the Milwaukee Hawks, Hutchins was named as the 1951-52 NBA Rookie of the year and led the league in rebounds (880) and rebounds per game (13.3).He was named as a 5-time All-Star (1953 through 1958) and led three NBA teams to Western Division titles.From 1951-1958, Hutchins amassed 4,851 points, 4,186 rebounds and 1,298 assists while starring for the Hawks (1951-1953), Fort Wayne Pistons (1953-1957) and New York Knickerbockers (1957-1958).Upon his retirement, Hutchins worked in real estate and gained recognition as an amateur golfer in northern California. December 21, 2018 /Sports News – Local Former BYU Men’s Basketball Star Mel Hutchins Passes Away At 90 Tags: BYU Men’s Basketball/Danny Ainge/Fort Wayne Pistons/Gene Melchiorre/Kresimir Cosic/Mel Hutchins/New York Knickerbockers/Roland Minson Brad James
Sign-ups for the Jersey Shore Powder Puff League (JSPPL), an all-female flag football league will continue through the next three Saturdays.The Jersey Shore Powder Puff League can be contacted by email at [email protected] will be held 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. on Jan. 9, 16 and 23 at the Somers Point Football Field concession stand at 598 Marks Rd. in Somers Point. The fee is $100 per player and $50 per coach.Individuals may sign up without a team. There will be a draft for all individual players.Barbie Carney created the league in memory of her father, Allen “Randy” Carney. He was diagnosed with pulmonary fibrosis in 2005 and passed away from this catastrophic disease on Aug. 26, 2006.Her dad was an essential part of the community, and Barbie wanted to carry on his dedication and legacy. During the season and off season, this league is committed to helping raise money and awareness to fight the disease.For more information, visit jerseyshorepowderpuff.com or visit the league’s Facebook page. The league can be contacted at [email protected] Jersey Shore Powder Puff League registration will be held on Jan. 9, 16 and 23.
The UK government has confirmed its intention to retain the Food Standards Agency (FSA), though a number of its former policy areas will become the responsibility of other government departments.This follows a report in The Guardian last week, which stated that the FSA was set to be abolished and its responsibilites divided up in Whitehall.These claims were downplayed at the time by government, which said that the FSA’s role would be reviewed in a public health paper due this autumn.It has now announced its plans ahead of schedule, with the Department of Health gaining responsibility for nutrition policy in England, including front-of-pack labelling, such as Guideline Daily Amounts. However, the FSA will retain its responsibility for nutrition and labelling policy in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) will take country of origin labelling under its wing, along with various other non-safety-related food labelling and food composition policies in England. This will leave a drastically scaled-down FSA focusing solely on food safety policy and enforcement.The FSA will support the delivery of the government’s commitment to deliver honesty in food labelling, and the delivery of one of Defra’s top priorities: the commitment to support and develop British farming and encourage sustainable food production, and promote increased domestic food production.The government said it was keen for food safety policy, the primary focus of the FSA when it was established as a non-ministerial Government department in 2000, to remain independent.The changes have been made with the aim of contributing to “objectives to improve efficiency”, as well as improving the health of the nation.“It’s absolutely crucial for the Food Standards Agency to continue providing independent expert advice to people about food safety. But bringing nutrition policy into the Department makes sense,” commented secretary of state for health Andrew Lansley. “It will enable a clear, consistent public health service to be created, as our Public Health White Paper later this year will set out.”The Food & Drink Federation has welcomed today’s announcement. “We believe it is important to maintain an independent food safety regulator and fully support today’s decision by the government to retain the Food Standards Agency,” commented director general Melanie Leech.“We also support the decision to move responsibility for nutrition, and other food policy issues, back into government departments. This should lead to clearer and more consistent policy-making, while avoiding unnecessary duplication of effort across Whitehall.”>>Question mark on FSA leaves bakers in limbo
Both the UK and Saudi Arabia are already providing support to progress economic development across the East and Horn of Africa. Today’s partnership will see a joint commitment of £100 million between the two countries to further these efforts – the UK’s contribution will include allocations from existing country budgets. Today both countries signed the Joint Cooperation Memorandum recognising the collaboration between DFID and KS Relief to strengthen both countries’ humanitarian efforts.During meetings with the Saudi delegation, the UK noted that it was encouraged by the easing of restrictions into Yemen to ensure vital food and other supplies get through Hodeidah and Saleef ports to those in need.While the UK recognises Saudi Arabia’s legitimate security concerns and will continue to provide support to prevent illegal arms smuggling into Yemen, there is no excuse to prevent humanitarian and commercial supplies from reaching those in need.This builds on the International Development Secretary’s visit to Saudi Arabia in December, where she called on all parties to the conflict in Yemen to restore and maintain full access for humanitarian and commercial imports and find a peaceful solution to stop Yemen falling into famine.Notes to Editors The UK and Saudi Arabia are building a new long-term partnership to improve livelihoods, boost economic development and create vital infrastructure to support some of the world’s poorest people in drought and conflict-stricken countries. This includes a commitment to work together in East Africa, which will in turn strengthen global prosperity.The partnership – announced during the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia’s visit to the UK – is the first of its kind between the Department for International Development and the Saudi Fund for Development. It will see British development experts working closer with Saudi counterparts, including in the Horn and East of Africa where both countries are already helping to lift people out of poverty.International Development Secretary Penny Mordaunt said: Global Britain is rightly recognised as an international leader when it comes to helping the most vulnerable, saving lives and tackling global challenges. The Saudi Fund has a long record of investing in successful development projects around the world. We are sharing the best of British expertise, and our collective efforts will help create jobs and livelihoods to support the poorest people to stand on their own two feet. This in turn will help to boost global prosperity which is in all our interests. By building critical infrastructure for some of the world’s poorest whose lives are threatened by drought, disease and conflict, together we can make a bigger difference and ensure that everyday tasks like collecting drinking water are made much easier.
Beats Antique have an international sound and a global following, so it was appropriate for Live for Live Music to catch up with them in the epic environs of Uvita, Costa Rica; during Envision Festival 2016. We were blessed to grab a couple moments with the duo behind the music of Beats Antique.In Episode 2 of ‘Chronicling the Culture’, host B.Getz takes a few minutes out of the jungle heat to have a spirited rap session with Tommy Cappel and David Satori. Topics include Envision festivals past, present and future; how Beats Antique informs the global festival masses, their other projects Sidecar Tommy and Dirtwire, and the 411 on a happenin’ little block in Berkeley, CA. Watch the interview here:Filmed and Produced by Adam Straughn/ATS Photography. Full coverage of Envision Festival can be found here.
prAna Women’s Polar Escape Vest Houdini Mono Air Houdi Stio Men’s Buckhorn Insulated Snap Shirt Kinis Lucy The Man Behind the Maps Based in Manassas, Va., this local craft distiller pulls no punches when it comes to tasty brown liquor that makes for the perfect present to share with friends. The Straight Wheat Whiskey—a mix of corn, wheat, and malted barley mashes—is the brand’s bread and butter and makes for a great sipper on its own or mixed in your favorite cocktail. $41; kodistilling.com Available for men and women, this snuggle-tastic performance sweatshirt from sustainability-minded Swedish brand Houdini will become your new best friend wherever you go. This recycled and recyclable fleece jacket is built to minimize the shedding of microfibers—those unseen plastic demons that leach off synthetic fabrics and into the water, and thus animals, when you put them in the wash—thanks to an innovative Polartec Power Air fabric. $200; houdinisportswear.com Glerups Shoe with Leather Sole Looking for more goods? Click here! Bluegrass Hemp Oil Genesis Blend Pain Bundle The perfect flask for everything from backpacking to tailgating to heading to your favorite spot in the woods, the 9-oz. VSSL not only stores your favorite libation, it also stores two collapsible stainless steel shot glasses. Tippled a bit too much? The built-in LED light and compass will get you back home. $95; vsslgear.com Seirus Innovation EVO Arc Masque VSSL Flask The vest is a versatile winter piece—all you need for a hike on balmier days and essential layering for cold snaps. Made with 100% recycled polyester, the vest not only keeps you warm, it also makes you feel good about your purchasing decision as we rethink supply chains and our impact on the planet. $99; prana.com This complete set—four-piece 5-weight Recon rod, Mirage LT II reel, and Pro Trout textured 5-weight line—is the perfect gift not just for those who want to up their fly game, but also for hard-core anglers who are looking for another rod or a full kit to take hiking and backpacking. The star of the show is the Recon rod, a supple, versatile stick that’s ideal for everything from presenting dries to finicky rainbows to hauling in aggressive smallmouth bass. $1,006; orvis.com The ultimate guy layer, this rough-and-ready shacket made from organic cotton is the kind of thing your favorite dude can wear on a winter hike with the dogs, hanging out in front of the fire pit, or just spending a comfy day at home. Plus, since it’s based in Jackson, Wyoming, Stio just oozes authentic mountain cred. $169; stio.com Your dogs get worked pretty hard if you are an outdoor enthusiast and these to-die-for felt wool shoes with a leather sole make relaxing easier. That’s not to say they are strictly for chilling out. With a long history that traces back to the fields of northern Denmark, these kicks can handle casual walks and day-to-day business in style too. $95; glerups.com Orvis Recon Premium Outfit This year has been hard on everyone, so a few simple comforts can go a long way when it comes to the holidays. With the season of giving upon us, we present our top outdoor gift picks to lift the spirits of the avid adventurers in your life. DynamiteStarfish Women’s Hooded Long Sleeve for Climbers, Misfits, and Lovers Richmond-based Kinis has put the barefoot philosophy that so many trail runners have embraced into a more casual kick. The Lucy can handle a walk in the woods but looks just as good when you head to town. Plus, it provides all the biomechanical benefits of letting your feet spread and strike naturally when you walk. $95; kinis.com TVLA Align[mat] V2 The name says it all. This is the gift for the climber in your life who will not stand for the status quo. A blend of polyester, cotton, and rayon, the hoodie is perfect for hanging out at the crag or kicking around town and making a subtle statement. The brand is the brainchild of L.A.-based climber and artist Leslie Kim who wants to share the joy of climbing with everyone. $42; dynamitestarfish.com 5.11 Pathfinder Watch A brand created by yoga teachers, TVLA understands the importance of a good mat for those who make practice an integral part of each day. It’s soft yet tough, and grippy as well as moisture absorbing, so you won’t slip during a tough session. Best of all, it includes markers to keep you aligned properly as you move through asanas. $98; tvlashop.com First let’s get this out of the way: CBD is a cannabinoid extracted from hemp (not marijuana) that does not contain THC and is legal to grow in 46 states. Athletes from former pro cyclist Floyd Landis to soccer star and Olympian Megan Rapinoe swear by its ability to soothe inflammation and anxiety. This bundle–made by the family-owned company that grows its hemp in-state—gives you a bath soak, roller application, and extract (strength of your choice) that will help take away the pains of training and help make you feel more at ease in case 2020 gets even more nutso. $68 (with 300mg extract); bluegrasshempoil.com If you ski or ride, you know James Niehues. He’s the guy who illustrates all those ski maps you shove in your pocket when you go to a new hill and pull out on the lift to plan your run. And this book—an outstanding procrastination tool—collects all those illustrations from resorts across North America and beyond. It’s the perfect gift for those who dream of their next mountain getaway. $90; jamesniehues.com KO Distilling Bare Knuckle Straight Wheat Whiskey Like it or not, your mask has become required gear every time you leave the house. Ideal for outdoor activities, this high-performance model made by alpine glove and face-covering manufacturer Seirus Innovation is more breathable than most, and the HeiQ V-Block antimicrobial treatment helps to keep you healthy and others safe. $21; seirus.com Running on solar power, this rugged-but-classy timepiece is just the ticket for those who prefer analog over digital when it comes to staying on schedule out in the wild or back in town. Scratch-resistant glass and a tough nylon band that doesn’t interfere with adventure action seal the deal. $89.99; 511tactical.com
Coal miner PT Sumber Energi Sukses Makmur (SESM) will build a solar power station in South Sumtarai in cooperation with local palm oil plantation company PT Golden Blossom Sumatra as part of its expansion into renewable energy.According to a memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed in Jakarta on Thursday, SESM will build a solar power station with a capacity of 10.5 megawatts (MW) to meet the electricity needs of the plantation company.Speaking to reporters after the signing of the MoU, SESM president director Zulfia Mirza said the installation of the solar panels and other devices for the solar power plant would start in July. “We’re clearing land for the solar farm, which covers around 12 hectares. The installation will begin in July,” he said. He hoped the power plant would be able to begin commercial operation in March 2022.Read also: Jokowi kicks off UAE visit with renewable energy deal as Indonesia seeks funding for energy ambitionsZulfia said the company would spend between US$18 million and $20 million to build the power plant. Around 70 percent of the funds would be obtained from bank loans and the other 30 percent from the company’s own funds.The solar power plant will solely supply electricity to Golden Blossom Sumatra under a 20-year contract. The power plant will not be connected with state-owned electricity company PT PLN’s electrical grid. As part of its long-term expansion plan, SESM plans to build several solar power plants in a number of regions in the country, especially in areas not connected to PLN’s electricity networks.“Our next project will be in Batam. We will install a 5 MW solar power plant to provide electricity for a shipyard,” Zulfia said.The installation of solar power plants and rooftop solar panels is on the rise as the government continues to encourage private companies and households to use solar energy to increase the use of renewable energy in the country.Read also: More companies turn to solar energy to reduce rising electricity costsAt present, there are 30 solar power stations in the country operated by PLN and independent power producers (IPPs).PLN unit Pembangkitan Jawa Bali (PJB) is also slated to begin the construction of the $129 million Cirata floating solar power plant in West Java next year, with support from Abu Dhabi renewables firm Masdar.Once fully operational at 145 MW, Cirata will be Indonesia’s largest solar power plant, taking over the title from the existing 15 MW Likupang plant in North Sulawesi. (mpr)Topics :
The government made the commitments in the so-called Speech from the Throne, in which it outlined its plans and made clear the need to protect Canadians from COVID-19 as new cases spike, reaching 146,663 total cases and 9,234 deaths on Tuesday.In a rare national address on Wednesday evening, Trudeau said a second wave was under way in the four biggest provinces.”We’re on the brink of a fall that could be much worse than the spring,” he said. The government, he added, “will have your back, whatever it takes.”The range of promises and mentions of significant investments could upset markets showing signs of nervousness about soaring budget deficits and debt. Canada lost one of its coveted triple-A ratings in June when Fitch downgraded it for the first time, citing the spending. The Canadian dollar extended its decline after the speech, touching 1.3384 to the US dollar, or 74.72 US cents.In his address, Trudeau said low interest rates meant Ottawa could afford the promised spending.”Doing less would mean a slower recovery and bigger deficits in the long run,” he said, adding that long-term spending would be fiscally sustainable.Spending measures already announced mean Canada’s budget deficit this fiscal year is forecast to hit C$343.2 billion ($256.5 billion), the largest since World War Two.Ian Lee, associate professor of management at Ottawa’s Carleton University, said the speech represented a “very high-risk bet” by Trudeau.”He’s gambling this massive increase in expenditures is going to generate very substantial growth,” he said by phone.COVID-19 cases rising rapidlyThere has been an average of 1,123 cases reported daily over the past week, compared with a daily average of 380 cases in mid-August. Canadians are now more worried about COVID-19 than they have been since April, an Abacus Data poll showed.The throne speech is a parliamentary measure of confidence and given that the Liberals only have a minority in the House of Commons, they will need the support of opposition legislators to avoid being toppled and plunging the country into an election.The left-leaning New Democrats – who had indicated they might vote in favor – said the proposals did not offer enough support to Canadians.Party leader Jagmeet Singh said he did not want to force an election, adding his team would take “a lot of time” to decide what to do. A formal vote is likely next month.The Conservatives, the largest opposition group, confirmed expectations they would not back the government.”We don’t want to see more words. We need action,” said deputy leader Candice Bergen.The Trudeau government said it was sticking to the goal of fighting climate change and promised money to retrofit buildings and make zero-emissions vehicles more widely available.The Liberals also vowed to make significant investments in childcare and said they would extend an existing wage subsidy measure until next summer. The speech made no specific spending commitments or fiscal projections, some of which will be disclosed in a fiscal update later this year. Canada’s Liberal government, insisting on Wednesday that “this is not the time for austerity,” promised major new investments and initiatives to help the country battle back from the coronavirus pandemic even as a new wave of infections looms.The administration of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, which has already unveiled hundreds of billions of dollars in aid for people and businesses, promised a plan to recover more than a million jobs lost during the crisis.”This is not the time for austerity,” it said. “Canada entered this crisis in the best fiscal position of its peers.” Topics :
Industriens Pension, the Danish pension fund covering industrial sector workers, said it generated a 12% return on its whole investment portfolio last year, with its active management approach having boosted gains.The Copenhagen-based pension fund announced it made an overall return of DKK20bn (€2.7bn) for 2019, equating to 12% for the total portfolio which grew to DKK189bn by the end of the year, according to preliminary results.Industriens Pension said the high return was mainly due to large price increases in the listed stock market, and that unlisted shares and the credit bond market had delivered solid returns.Peter Lindegaard, Industriens Pension’s chief investment officer, told IPE: “In 2019, listed equities in particular boosted returns. At the same time, we beat the composite benchmark in listed equities last year by 1.7 percentage points. “We also exceeded benchmark in government and mortgage bonds, and overall, our active management helped drive the entire return,” he said.Lindegaard, who was promoted to the role of overall CIO in November, said that over the last few years, the pension fund had created “an even more diversified portfolio with greater risk diversification on both unlisted assets such as infrastructure and properties and on various listed assets”.Industriens Pension’s diversified portfolio had ensured really good long-term returns in various market situations, he said.Late last year, Lindegaard restructured the pension fund’s listed investment department after taking the top role, creating separate teams for equities and bonds.He said in December that this change had been prompted by a desire to bring together skills within the large asset classes in focused teams spanning both external and internal management.