Afghanistan is one of just four countries in the world still affected by the virus. Two months ago, Egypt was declared polio-free after successful immunization efforts.“Polio immunization is an essential way of safeguarding children’s health, and preventing this crippling disease from affecting their lives,” UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) country representative Bernt Aasen said, urging families in 11 targeted provinces to look out for vaccination teams and make their children available.More than 15,000 health workers are due to travel house to house in the provinces in southern, south-eastern and eastern Afghanistan in the campaign, led by the Afghan Health Ministry and supported by UNICEF and the UN World Health Organization (WHO).This mobile approach is essential in ensuring that every child in the target group is reached, with many families unable to access fixed health centres in rural parts of Afghanistan. Some 2.8 million doses of the oral polio vaccine are required for the campaign, which is being funded by donors including the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Rotary International.“Unless we eradicate polio in Afghanistan, the virus will continue to threaten development, disabling children, placing greater strains upon families, and adding to the pressure on national health resources. Polio is not just a health issue – it has implications for economic and social development as well,” Mr. Aasen said.“All over the world we are winning the battle against polio, as the success of Egypt has demonstrated. If families play their part in presenting children under five for vaccination, and support their local health teams in identifying eligible children, and if community leaders help to spread the word that immunization is in everyone’s interests, then Afghanistan too can also soon become polio-free.”With more than 600 Afghan children under the age of five estimated to die each day from mostly preventable diseases, UNICEF is also calling on donors to help the Government to improve routine immunization coverage, which is estimated to be less than 60 per cent.The systematic immunization of children against a range of potential diseases, not just polio but including measles, diphtheria, whooping cough and tuberculosis, is essential to long term improvements in child health, and the reduction in child mortality.In another development, a just completed joint assessment by the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) on economic and social rights has found that half of those interviewed did not have access to safe drinking water, 40.6 percent had problems with the habitability of their homes, and in one-in-five families all the children worked.
Bayhorse Silver Inc has shipped high grade metallurgical samples (166 –175 oz/t Ag), to identified smelters, as well as to Mineral Solutions, of Coeur d’ Alene, Idaho, to receive firm pricing for extracting and refining silver and other minerals from the its shipping grade concentrate processed through its ore-sorter. The 8 kg of metallurgical samples graded 5,452.42 g/t, 5,175.60 g/t and 5,278.25 g/t Ag respectively, were taken from a homogenous 50 kg underground channel sample from the Bayhorse silver mine.The company has a Letter of Intent with Minerals Solutions, a Joint Venture between Liberty Refiners of Hayden, Idaho and Irish Metals of Coeur D’ Alene, to process a portion of its upgraded shipping material directly into pure refinery grade 4 X Nine silver. By grinding its upgraded shipping material to -80 mesh at the mine, Bayhorse is better able to provide material that meets Minerals’ specifications for refining.Upon receipt and acceptance of definitive terms, the company will commence deliveries of upgraded shipping material to Minerals.Bayhorse CEO Graeme O’Neill comments “by upgrading the mineralization to shipping grade, the company is able to reduce transportation costs per ounce, and minimize processing losses that inevitably occur during flotation concentration. This allows for reduced costs in the processing and smelting/refining options available to us as we upgrade our high grade silver bearing mineralization to shipping grade, and we minimize the 10% losses that normally occur during the flotation process. We are very proud to have developed the Bayhorse silver mine at a cost of $1.00 per inferred silver resource ounce”.The company is currently tramming over 1,200 t of already extracted mineralization from the high grade Goldilocks zone, 1,100 ft inside the mine at the extreme western end of the main haulage, to the newly built all weather storage pad. The picture shows that pad ready for all-weather cover installation.The mineralized material is then passed through the crushing circuit, where it is reduced to between 8mm and 20mm – 25mm in size, to allow for greater selectivity when processed through the Steinert XRT ore-sorter at rates up to 40 t/h.The sorter removes up to 95% of the non-mineralized and low grade material from the process stream, increasing the silver grade to the shipping grade of 103 oz/t Ag (3,000 g/t) or better prior to being shipped to the smelter/refiner.