13 December 2011 The outcome of the Durban climate summit is a historic achievement that will go a long way towards furthering the global climate agenda, says the head of the South Africa’s COP 17 delegation, Edna Molewa. Speaking a few days after Sunday’s conclusion of the UN Climate Change Conference in Durban, Molewa – South Africa’s minister of water and environmental affairs – described the final outcome as “precedent setting,” adding that it ranked with the 1997 conference at which the Kyoto Protocol was adopted. A comprehensive package agreement, the “Durban Platform”, was finally reached in the dying hours of the conference on Sunday morning. Molewa said the agreement “sets a new long-term pathway for the development of a fair, ambitious and legally binding future multi-lateral and rules-based global climate change system, which can balance climate and development imperatives.” The agreement also ensures the fair participation of all countries in the global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions now and in the future.‘New willingness to negotiate’ The Durban climate summit was characterised by a new willingness by parties to move beyond entrenched negotiating positions. COP 17 also ensured the survival of the Kyoto Protocol through the decision to adopt the second commitment period, capturing legally binding commitments of the developed countries beyond the first commitment period expiration in 2012. “Under the convention, we anchored emission reduction targets for developed countries that are not willing to be part of the Kyoto second commitment period, as well as emission mitigation actions of developing countries, and were able to elaborate the transparency and accountability framework for both developed and developing countries,” Molewa said. “Crucially, we have been able to preserve the multilateral rules-based system underpinning the mitigation regime by agreeing on a second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol, through an agreement to amend the Protocol, setting up a five-year second commitment period from 2013 to 2018.” It was noted that the US had not joined the Kyoto Protocol, and not all developed countries were prepared to place their commitments under the Protocol.Transparency of mitigation efforts To address this gap, a process to increase transparency of mitigation efforts was established. “In the case of developed countries, we will review and assess their economy-wide emission reduction targets and commitments. In the case of developing countries, we will increase the transparency of their nationally appropriate mitigation actions.” With regards to finance, Molewa noted that there was an agreement on the detailed design of the Green Climate Fund. Africa’s priority of adapting to the impacts of climate change was also firmly placed on the global agenda. The Durban agreement put into operation a number of international mechanisms to enable and support mitigation and adaption efforts of developing countries, particularly efforts needed in the least developed, African and small island countries.Common vision for global cooperation Looking to the future, Molewa said COP 17 reaffirmed a common vision for global cooperation on climate change to hold the increase in the global average temperature below two degrees or 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. Molewa said forcing countries to do more than they were willing or able to was a recipe for failure, adding that the solution was to build a system that gradually transitioned to a low-carbon future and simultaneously created jobs, reduced poverty and improved quality of life. “Therefore, under the Convention, agreement was reached on the Durban Platform, which initiates negotiations next year, leading to a legal instrument, protocol or agreed outcome with legal force applicable to all countries that will be adopted by 2015 and be fully operational no later than 2020.” Source: BuaNews
Jazz drummer Kesivan Naidoo’s composition “Freedom Dance: Toyi Toyi” was inspired by Nelson Mandela. (Image: Standard Bank National Youth Jazz Festival) “Freedom Dance: Toyi Toyi” is interspersed with samples of Mandela’s speech made on the day of his release from prison. (Image: ANC Archives) MEDIA CONTACTS • Kesivan Naidoo +27 73 169 0854 RELATED ARTICLES • Mandela’s head rises in Howick • Music awards to recognise composers • South African music • Jazz Day to break down barriersShamin ChibbaThe first time Kesivan Naidoo saw Nelson Mandela on television was 23 years ago, when the former president was released from prison. The jazz drummer was just 10 years old at the time and was oblivious to how that moment, 11 February 1990, would shape the way he made music in his adult life.Now 34, Naidoo, who is a regular headline act at jazz concerts and festivals, including the National Arts Festival now under way in Grahamstown, commemorated that moment by composing a jazz medley titled Freedom Dance: Toyi Toyi.He was sitting with his grandmother and parents in their East London home when Mandela addressed an elated crowd from the balcony of Cape Town’s City Hall. “I remember everyone at home in tears. We were happy and heartbroken at the same time. And I remember the first thing my mother said to me was: ‘You can now go to any school you want.’”Nearly two decades later, Naidoo started writing Freedom Dance: Toyi Toyi after watching the documentary Amandla! A Revolution in Four Part Harmony, in 2009. The film is about the role of music in the struggle against apartheid. File footage of Mandela’s release in the film took Naidoo back to that moment in his family’s home and inspired him to pen the song. Freedom Dance earned him the 2009 Standard Bank Young Artist Award at the National Arts Festival. “The piece came out of a basic melody. It was mainly free jazz which allows for some improvisation,” he says. As with many jazz compositions, it has since evolved and taken on many forms. Some versions are interspersed with samples of Mandela’s speech made on that day.Besides it being a “movement towards freedom”, Naidoo intended his composition to be a critique on how modern South Africans have removed themselves from their past. “The song asks the question: are we on a mission or not? Our leaders have forgotten what the country has been through to get to where we are now. I am sceptical about where their allegiances lie.”Naidoo explains that although freedom has been achieved, the struggle is not over. Instead, South Africans are now battling less obvious “enemies” such as greed and corruption. “Back then, we were battling apartheid, which was more obvious. Now, the enemy has changed its face and is more subtle. The victory will come when there is no more poverty and we have an equal chance of opportunities.”Social awarenessHis family was politically and socially conscious, and this awareness is reflected in the music Naidoo makes today. His granduncle, Marcus Solomon, who was imprisoned on Robben Island for 10 years, was particularly responsible for raising Naidoo’s awareness of the social ills of apartheid.Solomon used the 1987 film, Cry Freedom, in which Denzel Washington plays Black Consciousness Movement leader Steve Biko, to help teach Naidoo about the past. “He gave me a good understanding of what apartheid was at that young age.”The musician credits his friend, the late Reece Timothy, for encouraging him to become a jazz drummer. However, it was after meeting Alan Webster that his jazz education broadened. Webster, the Standard Bank National Youth Jazz Festival director, introduced Naidoo to John Coltrane’s Blue Train album, which started his musical education. “That was how I got into the history of jazz and learned the music.”At present, Naidoo is putting together The Bridge, a big band ensemble consisting of South African, Swedish and American artists. He is also working on a science-fiction inspired piece named Contact, which is based on American astronomer Carl Sagan’s fictional novel of the same name. “Science fiction gives complex messages in a creative way. I write music based on imaginary scenarios.”The message of Contact, he says, is about the unfamiliarity you experience when you first meet people from upbringings different from your own. “When we meet people from different backgrounds they seem alien to us. But if we make an effort to know each other, we will notice we are not that different and we can relate to each other.”It is a message that is reflected in Naidoo’s life as a jazz musician. Through his music he has met and played alongside numerous artists from various backgrounds, including Abdullah Ibrahim, Miriam Makeba, Bheki Mseleku and Jimmy Dludlu. Yet he feels he has only had the opportunity to play with these jazz legends because of Mandela’s activism against apartheid and the subsequent freedom it brought. “I have a lot more opportunities that many of my older colleagues did not have when they were making music in the past.”
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The 2016 Ohio Beef Expo kicked off on Friday. It’s certainly one of the most popular events for Ohio cattlemen to attend. This event attracts over 30,000 participants from 25 states and Canada each year. The Expo included breed sales, shows and displays, educational events, a highly competitive junior show and a trade show with over 140 exhibitors.On Friday, Ohio Ag Net’s Dale Minyo spoke with Bruce Smith of COBA Select Sires. Listen to the interview here:Bruce Smith Select Sires Beef interview with Dale Minyo 3-18-16This annual event, coordinated by the Ohio Cattlemen’s Association, included breed sales, shows and displays, trade show and a highly competitive junior show. This year’s junior show was the largest ever with more than 850 junior heifers and steers and more than 450 exhibitors competing in showmanship.In the Junior Show, the Grand Champion market animal was the champion crossbred exhibited by Kendra Gabriel from Pickaway County. The Reserve Champion market animal was the reserve crossbred exhibited by Caden Jones of Allen County.The Grand Champion Heifer was the Champion % Simmental Heifer exhibited by Tyson Woodard of Darke County. The Reserve Champion Heifer was the Champion Purebred Simmental Heifer exhibited by Ali Muir of Auglaize County.There were also several breed sales. The Angus sale grossed $183,870 with bulls averaging $3,512 and females averaging $3,473. The Hereford Sale grossed $115,305 with bulls selling for an average of $3,013 and females selling for an average of $2,573. The Maine-Anjou sale grossed $250,050 with bulls averaging $4,270 and females averaging $3,087. The Shorthorn sale grossed $165,260 with bulls averaging $2,369 and the females averaged $3,294. The Simmental Sale grossed $307,520 with bulls averaging $3,753 and females averaging $3,332.On Friday, March 20 at 10:00 a.m. New Holland Agriculture presented a Forage Seminar,l featuring discussions by Dr. Francis Fluharty, Research Professor in the OSU Department of Animal Sciences, and Robert Hendrix, New Holland hay and forage product specialist. Also new in 2016, United Producers, Inc. sponsored an online feeder cattle sale.Over 140 exhibitors are on display at this year’s trade show.Each day was filled with many activities for a wide variety of interests. Sires of several different breeds were on display at the Genetic Pathway throughout the event. Breed shows and parades were held for Angus, Hereford, Miniature Hereford, Murray Grey, and Shorthorns. Other Friday highlights included a Nutrition Seminar and the Junior Show Welcome Party and Fitting Demonstration.The Saturday schedule was full of activity. Breed sales held included Angus, Hereford, Maine-Anjou, Shorthorn, and Simmental. Junior activities included a judging contest, a Beef Quality Assurance Program, and the Junior Show Showmanship Contest. The Trade Show and Genetic Pathway were open as well. Sunday is the final day of the event. The highlight of the day was the Junior Heifer and Steer Show.For more results from the Ohio Beef Expo, go to: http://www.ohiobeefexpo.com/ Feeder Cattle Sale Shorthorn Show Shorthorn Show Hereford Show Over 140 exhibitors are on display at this year’s trade show. Dale Minyo speaking with Bruce Smith at the Ohio Ag Net booth. Ashley Peter, Defiance Co., sets up her Shorthorn heifer for the judge. Karly Goetz, Ottawa Co., leads her ShorthornPlus steer. Nathan Siebold, Madison Co., looks over his ShorthornPlus steer. Blake Martin, Huron Co., with his High% Maine. Maddox Cupp, Fairfield Co., won his Hereford heifer class. Brooke Weeks, Champaign Co., leads her Maine-Anjou steer. Amanda Nething, Richland Co., and her Hereford steer Ryan Flax, Clark Co., and his Hereford steer Josh Elder gives a fitting demonstration for Stock Show University. Kendra Gabriel, Pickaway Co., won her market heifer class. Delaney Jones, Allen Co., with her Simmental steer Samantha Parks, Warren Co., with her MaineTainer heifer Taylor Elliot, Richland Co., watches the judge with her MaineTainer heifer.
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