Dec 13, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – A case-control investigation points to lettuce as the likeliest source of the Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak linked to Taco Bell restaurants, federal officials said today.No contamination has been found in lettuce or other food items tested so far, but interviews with ill and well people who ate at the same Taco Bell restaurants, along with other information, point to lettuce, officials reported at a news conference this afternoon.The case-control investigation also has suggested cheddar cheese and ground beef as possible sources of E coli, but the evidence is strongest for lettuce, said Christopher Braden, MD, a medical epidemiologist with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).”We think that shredded lettuce consumed at Taco Bell restaurants in the northeastern states was the most likely source of the outbreak, given the information we have,” Braden said. But he cautioned that the investigation is continuing and the conclusion is not final.The case count in the outbreak increased by 4 today to 71, including 33 cases in New Jersey, 22 in New York, 13 in Pennsylvania, 2 in Delaware, and 1 in South Carolina, Braden reported.He said 53 people were hospitalized and 8 had hemolytic uremic syndrome, a potentially fatal form of kidney failure. The patients fell ill between Nov 20 and Dec 6.”Quite a lot” of other cases are under investigation, Braden said. “Some may be confirmed as part of the outbreak, and these numbers may increase in the next few days, but this doesn’t necessarily mean the outbreak is ongoing.” He said there have been no reports of new illnesses over the past few days.The CDC and other agencies are working to trace where the lettuce came from, but officials declined to say which processing companies or growing areas are being investigated.In a statement today, Taco Bell said it changed produce suppliers for the affected region on Dec 9 as a “strictly precautionary measure.” The company also said all the cheese it uses is pasteurized and therefore is highly unlikely to be the source of contamination.David Acheson, MD, of the Food and Drug Administration said there was no indication that the Taco Bell outbreak is connected with the E coli outbreak associated with Taco John’s restaurants in Iowa and southern Minnesota. He declined to comment further on the Taco John’s situation, saying the two states want to handle questions on that.The Minnesota Department of Health today confirmed today that 5 E coli cases in Albert Lea and Austin involve the same DNA fingerprint as cases from the outbreak in Iowa. News reports have linked the latter with a Taco John’s restaurant in Cedar Falls. The bacteria found in the Minnesota and Iowa patients do not match those from the East Coast outbreak, the MDH said.Minnesota has 27 cases associated with the outbreak, including 5 confirmed ones, 1 “presumptive positive,” and 21 probable cases still under investigation, the MDH said.The Iowa outbreak has sickened at least 50 people, the Iowa Department of Public Health said today.
Raymond acknowledged deep concern about the recent spate of foodborne disease outbreaks but said he had expanded the USDA’s inspection and testing program to combat it, according to the story. “The measures are a reflection of our concern about the Canadian inspection system based on the audit findings of May 1June 6, 2007, and the circumstances related to the unsafe practices employed by Rancher’s Beef, Ltd.,” the Balzac, Alta., packing plant whose products were linked to the contaminated Topps ground beef, James wrote. The increased inspections, ground beef testing for E coli, and testing of ready-to-eat products “will be at the rate of approximately double that of the past year for Canada,” James’s letter states. Nov 8, 2007 (CIDRAP News) Starting tomorrow, US inspection and testing of imported Canadian meat and poultry products will roughly double and will include a category of beef products that has not previously been subject to testing, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) said today. Begin E coli testing of raw beef trim, boxed beef, and “subprimals” (smaller cuts of meat from the major carcass components, such as loin, chuck, and round) normally sent for grinding See also: The expanded program will continue while two USDA teams finishing inspecting the Rancher’s Beef facility, seven other Canadian facilities that were flagged for problems in the last USDA audit, and some slaughter plants that are similar to the Alberta facility in their “start-up and operations,” James wrote. Raymond said the FSIS has adequate tools to ensure food safety and does not need legislation granting mandatory product recall authority, according to a CongressDaily report today. (In contrast, this week the Bush administration, in a new food protection plan prepared by the Food and Drug Administration, said the FDA needs the authority to compel food recalls.) The USDA announced Nov 3 it would increase inspections and testing of Canadian products this week, after beef trim from an Alberta meat producer was implicated in an E coli O157:H7 outbreak linked to ground beef sold by Topps Meat Co. of Elizabeth, N.J. But in the initial announcement the agency gave few details about the testing plan. The USDA released more information today in a letter from Dr. William James of the agency’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). The letter, published online by the FSIS, said the agency would: Testifying before the House Agriculture Subcommittee on Livestock, Dairy and Poultry, Raymond said, “We think our present system works well,” and added that meat processors have always cooperated with the USDA on recalls, the report said. “In two recent cases FSIS acted upon epidemiological evidence that linked illness to opened, FSIS-inspected product found in consumers’ freezers, where previously, we believed the agency needed a test result from an intact or unopened package because of the possibility of cross-contamination [from other foods],” he was quoted as saying. He said that product lots will be held at import houses until samples test negative for pathogens. If a sample tests positive, the lot it came from will be rejected. However, FSIS “will consider submitted alternatives to holding product at import houses pending test results,” the letter says. Policy change revealedRaymond said the E coli outbreak traced to Topps Meat has prompted one particular change in the FSIS’s policies, according to a report today by Meatingplace.com. James also said the new precaution of testing beef trim, boxed beef, and subprimals normally destined for grinding will be permanent and will be extended to all exporting countries starting at the beginning of 2008. Oct 29 CIDRAP News story “E coli in Topps beef traced to Canadian firm”http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/fs/food-disease/news/oct2907beef.html Increase testing of raw ground beef for E coli O157:H7 Increase testing of ready-to-eat products for Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella Raymond also said he didn’t believe “risk-based inspection” would have prevented the Topps outbreak, according to Meatingplace.com. Risk-based inspection is the name for a USDA proposal to focus more of its attention on meat and poultry plants that have weak safety records. FSIS letter about increased testing of Canadian productshttp://www.fsis.usda.gov/PDF/Canada_O157_Testing_Letter.pdf “I believe that we need to take additional time to strengthen our system and our data collection capabilities before moving forward” with risk-based inspection, Raymond was quoted as saying. Increase inspections of Canadian meat, poultry, and pasteurized egg products Nov 5 CIDRAP News story “USDA to increase testing of Canadian meat”http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/fs/food-disease/news/nov0507beef.html Official defends FSIS recordIn related news, the FSIS’s handling of meat recalls was defended by USDA Under Secretary for Food Safety Dr. Richard Raymond in testimony before a congressional committee yesterday. E coli contamination has prompted 19 meat recalls so far this year, compared with eight for all of last year. The Topps recall involved more than 21 million pounds of ground beef and forced the company out of business.
Jan 18, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – Ukrainian emergency officials today reported an outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza at a large chicken farm in the northern Crimean peninsula, as animal health officials in India continued their struggle to contain poultry outbreaks in West Bengal state.Ukraine’s emergency situations ministry said about 200 chickens died at the farm on Jan 15, and testing confirmed the birds had the H5N1 virus, RIA Novosti, Russia’s state news agency, reported today. About 25,000 birds on the farm will be slaughtered to control the spread of the disease, and authorities have established a 3-kilometer protection zone around the area.State inspectors are sampling domestic and wild bird populations throughout the Crimean peninsula for the H5N1 virus, according to a Deutsche Presse-Agentur report today.Ukraine’s last H5N1 outbreak occurred in June 2006, when the virus struck chickens in the northeastern part of the country near the Russian border, according to previous reports.In October, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) warned that the H5N1 virus could be lurking in Europe and said it was particularly worried about countries bordering the Black Sea, which include Ukraine. The FAO said the Black Sea is a wintering area for migratory birds from Siberia and other locations and that poultry systems of many Black Sea countries have poor separation between wild and domestic birds.Jan Slingenbergh, an FAO senior animal health officer, said in the report that Black Sea area countries have large populations of chickens, ducks, and geese, with densities similar to those in some Asian countries where the virus continues to circulate in waterfowl and domestic birds. He said Ukraine has about 20 million domestic ducks.Meanwhile in India, West Bengal state’s chief minister, Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, today described the spread of the H5N1 virus as “alarming,” Agence France-Presse (AFP) reported.Anisur Rahaman, animal health minister in West Bengal, told AFP that villagers are resisting culling operations, chicken sales are continuing despite a ban, and more reports of poultry deaths are coming in from different areas.No human cases of H5N1 infection have been reported, though local hospitals are preparing isolation wards, Rahaman told AFP.A home ministry official in New Delhi said the paramilitary Border Security Force has been activated to stop the smuggling of chickens into Bangladesh, which neighbors West Bengal state, the AFP report said.The number of chickens and ducks that have died over the past week has increased to 62,000, Dilip Das, West Bengal’s animal resources development director, told AFP.In other developments, government officials in the United Kingdom said today that samples from a fifth mute swan from a Dorset Country swan sanctuary have tested positive for the H5N1 virus, the BBC reported.John Houston, general manager of the swannery, said the latest finding is not surprising, according to the BBC report. “We are expecting to have a run of positives and negatives while [the virus] works its way through the herd,” he said.He said H5N1 test results are pending on samples from four or five more dead swans that were collected at the sanctuary, the BBC reported.
The first prerequisite for the development of events in the destination is good planning. Although we can list many important items under the organization of events, because it is a complex organization with a lot of details, people and partners, one of the main items is defining the budget, which conditions absolutely everything, even just maintaining it. That is why the announcement of the public call for grants for events in the case of the Rabac – Labin Tourist Board is a great story. Both because of the planning, and because of the promotion of the same and the creation of a new motive for coming. Although we in Croatia are unfortunately used to having very low standards and expectations, the announcement of a public call for support of events should certainly not apply to the current year, which is unfortunately a common case, because a logical question arises: How to plan a budget when you do not know if event to receive financial support and in what amount. An excellent example of the promotion of the Zadar Outdor Festival It may seem to some that the public call for events in the case of the Rabac – Labin Tourist Board came out too early, but here is one example that in my opinion justifies the same. Cover photo: TZ Rabac – Labin However, the organizers of events in Rabac and Labin have the privilege of being able to plan on time. Namely, TZ Rabac – Labin, as the first in Croatia, ie the earliest of all other TZ, at least according to my information, has announced a public call for financial support for events to be held in 2020. So in the current year, six months before the start of next year, they are planning events for next year. Logically, because the guests are in our “salon” during the tourist season, they are there, and we create the motive for their arrival for the second year, and we have the best advertising because all the tourists who were in Zadar that year saw our message. In fact, we are witnessing how some tourist boards are announcing a public call for support for events in the current year for half a year, such as the Korčula Tourist Board, which just a few days ago announced the same. Three years ago, the Zadar Outdoor Festival, then still in the pipeline and only announced, had a promotional banner above the street in the old town of Zadar (the busiest street before the Forum hostel) announcing the festival, which will take place next year. So, the promotion started a year ago. Also, the first such case in our tourism. It’s up to the people. It is possible. Bravo for TZ Rabac – Labin. The deadline for submitting applications is Friday, September 6, 2019, and the public call and tender documents can be downloaded at bit.ly/2xr5JWW
The best way to advertise is to compare product features. Users are therefore not loyal to one particular presenter. More than 80% of users stated that they prefer to watch several different presenters and that they will follow the platform rather than one person. One of the main trends emerging in the Newrank report is the growing amounts of large WeChat KOL campaigns (key opinion leaders). Thus, between 2017 and 2018, the amount spent on WeChat KOL campaigns greater than 100.000 RMB jumped from 40% to 58% of the total investment in KOL. Online advertising has also undergone significant changes in recent years. Now, brands are much more likely to invest money in advertising on WeChat Moment or Douyin than on the Baid search engine. This trend is reflected in the increase in income from social networks. When it comes to the companies that invest the most in influencers, the leading ones are large internet companies and FMCG brands (consumer goods). This is mainly because these groups of companies have large budgets for promotion and invest in large campaigns. The Newrank report highlights some of the most significant trends. Influencer marketing is becoming increasingly important with an emphasis on video content and live broadcasts. Search engine advertising is expected to decline from 31% to 15% of total online advertising between 2013 and 2020. Influencer campaigns can be incredibly effective. As many as 48% of customers after the KOL campaign buy the product directly from the link provided by the influencer. The other half will decide to compare product prices at different online stores before buying. This trend reflects the fact that larger influencers tend to have a better return on investment by brands. Top KOLs are most likely overvalued, the report points out, but at least brands now have an average real return on investment in influencers. When it comes to the promotion itself, videos have twice the chance of conversion than articles. With the rise of live streaming and short video platforms, brands have the ability to diversify the format of their content. In fact, cosmetics and clothing are the categories of products that sell best with KOL recommendations. Cosmetics and fashion companies are usually smaller in scope than FMCG companies, but have a higher return than KOL campaigns. WeChat official accounts are still the main channels through which users want to hear from brands. Brands are more likely to invest in online ads because the Chinese population generally accepts them. As many as 58,4% of Chinese internet users have a positive attitude about online ads. The last category of content covered by the Newranka report is live streaming. The main reason users follow WeChat has to do with the content itself. Either it is published too often or it is not of sufficient quality. One of the main findings from the Newrank report is the extreme concentration of reviews on a smaller number of accounts and articles. In general, users from smaller cities are more likely to watch the broadcast live. Also, they are more likely to make a purchase after the transfer. The report also highlights the differences between China and the Western world, with a visible decline in interest in search engine advertising. This means that almost half of consumers are willing to buy a product based on reading just one article, with no research or comparable price on other channels. That is why KOL marketing is the most effective way to promote a new brand. Newrank, one of the largest social data analysis companies in China, recently released a report on social media. ATTACHMENT: Full report China Social Media Content Report 2019 Source / photo: WalktheChat Home photography: www.scmp.com
Consequently, Croatia has by far the highest ratio of the most visited and least visited month in the year when the EU is observed. Namely, according to Eurostat data, at the level of the entire EU, in the strongest month (in 2018 it was August) there are about four times more overnight stays than in the weakest month (in 2018 it was February), while in Croatia in August averages 58 times more overnight stays (2018 times in 55,7) than in January (in 2018 it was exceptionally February). However, one of the main pains of Croatian tourism is the pronounced seasonality, which is a big problem in business and day-to-day development. According to the analysis “Regional aspect of tourist seasonality”Made by the Croatian Chamber of Commerce, shows the seasonality of Croatian tourism. In this analysis, the spatial and temporal concentration of Croatian tourism is shown using the number of realized tourist nights in commercial facilities and the number of hotels and camps. July and August still have the largest share in overnight stays throughout the year, which together make up about 60% of overnight stays throughout the year. The level of this percentage is reflected in the comparison with other European Mediterranean countries (the average of six Mediterranean countries is 34,6%), where Croatia has by far the largest share. The pronounced seasonality of Croatian tourism causes, among other things, a great deal of pressure on the communal infrastructure due to the almost simultaneous arrival of a large number of tourists. According to the calculation, the range of population increase in August 2019, based on tourist overnight stays in six coastal counties, ranged from 43% in Split-Dalmatia to 126% in Istria County. In July, these increases were slightly smaller, ranging from 38% in Split-Dalmatia to 112% in Istria County. At the end of the analysis, they conclude that given the weak temporal and spatial utilization of Croatia’s tourism potential and tourism demand (in Croatia and the world), there is still great potential for greater financial benefits from tourism. Increased financial benefits would bring, among other things, an increase in economic activity and employment in each county because tourism can have a positive impact on a number of other activities. Photo: Jacek Abramowicz, Pixabay.com Read the full analysis in the attachment. “Croatian tourism is strongly seasonal, and due to the importance of tourism and long-term favorable tourism trends, we have presented this seasonality in more detail in this analysis. Namely, according to the European Statistical Office, Eurostat, Croatia is in a relatively high eighth place among EU member states in terms of the number of overnight stays in “hotels and similar facilities, resorts and similar facilities for short breaks and camps and camping areas”. generates foreign exchange income from tourism, which is higher than the GDP of almost all Croatian counties separately (except the City of Zagreb). However, the success of Croatian tourism is largely limited by space and time concentration. This concentration in this analysis is shown at the county level with data on the number of overnight stays and the number of hotels and camps.. ” Cover photo: Pixabay.com In this analysis, the spatial and temporal concentration of Croatian tourism is shown using the number of realized tourist nights in commercial facilities and the number of hotels and camps. Some data suggest a reduction in this concentration, but it is still present to a significant extent. Data on the number of tourist nights in commercial facilities show that the counties of Adriatic Croatia generally have a relatively high level of overnight stays, but this is recorded in a very small number of months a year, while the counties of Continental Croatia generally have relatively low seasonality with low levels of overnight stays. Attachment: HGK / REGIONAL ASPECT OF TOURIST SEASONALITY Croatia is in a high eighth place in terms of the number of overnight stays (according to data from 2018) observed by EU member states. In front are Spain, France, Italy, Germany, Austria, Greece and the Netherlands.