Those of Zidane, who will align a team composed of less common players in Madrid’s onces. By regulations, and throughout the match, whites have to have an eleven in which there must be at least seven players with the first team’s token, so players like Nacho, Lucas Vázquez, Areola, Mariano, Brahim … will be part of the call, and surely of the encounter.Fede Valverde could also return, absent before Sevilla to meet a penalty match for his expulsion against Atlético de Madrid in the Spanish Super Cup. His bellows was noticed by the team against the Sevillian team last Saturday. For his part, Gareth Bale, absent from the call last Saturday against Sevilla, returned to exercise normally, just as he did last Friday, before falling off the list of summoned for the match against Lopetegui. With the already known losses of Sergio Ramos (he is recovering from a strong blow to his right ankle produced during the final of the Super Cup last 12), Asensio and Hazard (both are in the final phase of their respective recovery processes) , Madrid completed its second and final training before measuring itself to the Unionists of Salamanca in what will be his first Cup match. He also did not exercise Álvaro Odriozola, who seems to be going out in this winter market, to be able to have minutes. Yes, Sergio López, a defender of Castilla, and Rafa Marín, also a Sevilla defender from Juvenil B, did so and arrived in Madrid in 2016.
Dear Editor,It is sad that I must use this harsh description, but the unbelievable reality is that President David Granger and his Government left young cyclist, Beyoncé Ross for dead. Mine you, this is a Government I support, voted for in 2015 and will do so again in 2020, given that the other political party is not an option.Yet, I ache to say that the change myself and other desperate Guyanese had voted for is slow and seems almost non-existent, especially when it comes to issues regarding equality to the underprivileged and less wealthy.I was brought to tears, and am still very upset even as I pen this letter at the failure of the Ministry and State entities responsible for the development of sport and athletes in this country. Reports said this young woman was suffering for months, but none of the agencies came to her aid.I blame the Government for being slow to intervene in a situation which was so brilliantly highlighted by the media and still no one in authority moved to act.Now she is dead in the very same week when we are told that Minister Ally is being flown overseas for medical treatment paid for by the State. Clearly here, all men and women are equal but some are clearly more as George Orwell said.Sincerely,Naresh Singh
Dear Editor,In a letter titled “GECOM’s tinkering with Revised List of Electors is unlawful and must be discontinued” (Stabroek News, 09/01/2020), Commissioner Sase Gunraj expressed alarm that Secretariat of the Commission is manipulating the Revised List of Electors (RLE).According to the Commissioner, the revision to the list is not only unlawful but will create confusion on Election Day (E-Day), for example, some voters may end up on lists outside the district they are supposed to vote, and multiple voting may be facilitated.On a programme on Wednesday evening, the three GECOM Commissioners representing the PPP/C indicated that there would be an emergency meeting on Thursday to resolve this issue. However, I am not confident that anything useful will come out of the meeting based on recent events. Last month, we saw the Chairman of GECOM voting in favour of field verification of new registrants.The vote by the Chairman of GECOM offered a fleeting moment of hope of free and fair elections since her action signalled that she will be objective and stand on the side of fairness and decency (Demerara Wave, 18/12/2019). However, in an article published by Kaieteur News yesterday (Thursday, January 9, 2020), the same Chairwoman was quoted as saying, “… we can’t just remove people’s names because we could not locate them. We don’t have that right to disenfranchise these persons by removing their names from the voters’ list” (see Kaieteur News, 09/01/2020).Based on the utterance of the Chairman, it means that all the ‘new registrants’ will be included on the list, whether their existence was verified or not. In other words, the entire list of new registrants will be included on the RLE, thereby making the verification exercise she voted for useless. More importantly, it means that 6000 unverified electors will be afforded an opportunity to vote on E-Day; this is more than the number of votes that facilitated a victory for the APNU/AFC at the 2015 elections.To complicate an already complicated situation, we are told they will have a meeting today at GECOM to determine if the manipulation of the RLE would be allowed to continue. If we use the treatment of the verification of ‘new registrants’ as a guide, then we should not be surprised if a vote is taken to continue the manipulation of the RLE or a subsequent decision made by the Commission that would render this vote useless.In this regard, the country is merely wasting time with an election since suspicion of irregularities on E-Day will not inspire any confidence in the results. Given the unwillingness of the Courts to accommodate election petitions, we will also have to prepare to live another five years with a new Government that will be regarded as illegitimate by a large section of our population.In 1997, we saw what happened when voters refused to accept the results. There were riots, and the Opposition vowed to make the country ‘ungovernable’. The question is, ‘do we want a repeat of 1997?’ If the answer to the question is no, then all decent-minded Guyanese must join Commissioner Gunraj and demand that GECOM stops the unlawful exercise and shenanigans as we approach E-Day.Sincerely,S Pasha
Residents of Puruni, Mazaruni (Region Seven) are fearful for their safety as gun-related activities at a bar in the area continue to terrorise them.The bar, located at Puruni Landing and owned by a Brazilian national named “Junior” (only name given), has again come into focus after two sets of gunshots were heard during a 20-minute period in which loud quarrelling and sporadic fist-fighting took place among patrons there. The incident occurred at some time around 01:30h on Saturday.One eyewitness related to Guyana Times that persons within the vicinity were seen scurrying away from the bar during the first gunfire, running into nearby areas for their safety.Neighbouring business owners have related that when they heard the gunshots, they also became afraid also for their safety, resulting in them taking cover by throwing themselves flat onto the ground for a lengthy period throughout the night.One of the proprietors, who at about 02:00h, managed to get a look at the commotion nearby, recalled observing a man with his back bloodied. He said that throughout the remainder of the night there was loud quarrelling and fighting around the bar area.Another businessperson stated that around the said time, they also witnessed six males chasing after an Amerindian man, who literally ran through a nearby zinc fence to make good his escape.The second gunshots were heard just after 02:00h in another direction away from the bar.This is not the first time that such indiscriminate gunfire had being heard around the Puruni Landing late in the night, the residents complain.This newspaper was told that the foster son of a popular dredge owner in the area was seen firing off gunshots indiscriminately around the Puruni Landing area.The ‘Junior Bar’ is said to be the hub of all night time activities on the Puruni Landing, especially since it normally houses “Spanish-speaking ladies of the night” a resident told this publication.“Whenever they get wind of a likely visit by authorities, these ‘Spanish ladies of the Night’ at this bar on the Puruni Landing would normally be seen scurrying around and away from the area to keep out of sight of authorities during their visit,” this publication was told.In light of these events, which have driven fear amongst residents and the business community of Puruni Landing, calls are being made for the permanent presence of Police to ensure law and order is maintained in the area.
A federal wiretapping trial involving private investigator Anthony Pellicano and five co-defendants was postponed to Feb. 27. U.S. District Judge Dale Fischer on Monday granted a defense motion seeking a delay. One of the defendants, Kevin Kachikian, hired a new attorney and asked for additional time to have the lawyer review the case. The trial was slated to begin in August. Prosecutors opposed the motion, arguing defense attorneys have had enough time to prepare for trial. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
In B.C., the fine for throwing a cigarette out the window is $173. ROSE PRAIRIE, B.C. — A Rose Prairie resident is speaking out against people throwing cigarette butts on the ground in the warm, dry weather after the community came together to put out a fire likely caused by one.The fire had started in a ditch alongside the road, and with the winds, it was burning towards a field that hasn’t been maintained in a long time, resident John Stones recalled.“Nobody likes to see fire happen … so off we go to get it stopped,” he said. “There was a helicopter when I first got there, the fire had probably only been going for 15 to 20 minutes when I first got there. But it had covered a half of a mile.”- Advertisement -Stones says the fire came within 200 metres of his neighbour’s barnyard, and three more farms were in its path. He estimates about one hundred neighbours worked on the fire, with trackers disking, and sprayers to fight the flames.“When you see a fire like that, everyone just comes and whoever can pitch in and help out, we’re helping out. … When one neighbours in trouble, everyone rallies around and comes to help.”Crews attended the scene around 10 p.m., according to Stones as there were hot spots along the creek where the fire burned. A crew came out again this morning.Advertisement
Tags: FUFAFUFA Awards Airtel has invested UGX 100m in this year’s awards. (PHOTOS/Courtesy)KAMPALA – Federation of Uganda Football Association has on Wednesday, October 16th, released the list of candidates for the Male and Female Player of the Year.This year’s FUFA Awards will take place on the 14th of December 2019, at Speke Resort Munyonyo.The federation will also recognize the most outstanding players in the female category, coaches, and teams.FUFA Awards committee has also introduced new categories to carter for the various stakeholders in the game of footballNew categories introduced include best Women’s XI of the year, FUFA Associations’ Award, Team Fans of the year, and Women’s Football coach of the Year.Speaking to the press, the awards’ chairman Rogers Byamukama said that the awards are set to recognize talent and also reward Excellency.Acting FUFA president Justus Mugisha emphasized that;“These awards have contributed a lot in giving every footballer a chance to double their efforts for recognition and the possibility of winning the biggest prize.“We are confident this will further enhance competition and upping efforts for recognition and possibly winning the biggest prize.”Mugisha speaking at the launch on Wednesday.The FUFA Awards committee will release the list of nominees in other categories and the final five for the male and female player of the Year on 30th October 2019.Each of the coaches and captains of the UPL clubs nominated their best five candidates for the FUFA male player of the year 2019.Coaches of the FUFA Women Elite league/FUFA women super league nominated their top five candidates for the FUFA female player of the year 2019.There will be 2nd round of voting by the coaches and captains for Male player of the year and female player of the year to get the top five.Airtel Uganda has once again offered Shs 100,000,000 to help in the organization.Nominees for Airtel FUFA Male players of the year-Shafiq Kagimu (URA)-Saidi Kyeyune ( URA)-Mike Mutyaba (KCCA)-Viane Sekajjugo( Wakiso Giants)-Joel Mutakubwa (kyetume)-Bashir Mutanda( SC Villa)-Joel Madondo (Busoga united)-Dan Serunkuma (SC Vipers)-Allan Okello ( KCCA)-Paul Mucurezi (Mbarara City)-Deogratious Ojok (BUL)-Bright Anukani ( Proline FC)-Hilary Mukundane ( Mbarara City)-Mustafa Kiiza (KCCA)-Allan Kayiwa (Vipers)-Ivan Bogere( Proline)Female players of the Year-Nalukenge Juliet (Kawempe Muslim)-Najjemba Fauzia(ISRA Soccer Academy)-Nakaziro Daisy (Lady Doves )-Mutuuzo Lilian(Kampala Queens)-Nassuna Hasifah(UCU)-Aturo Ruth (UCU)-Nabbosa Leticia(Lady doves)-Margaret Kunihira(Kawempe Muslim)-Nankya Shadia (Uganda Martyrs)-Nababi Amina-Nalujja Shamirah(ISRA Soccer Academy)-Kinavudori Maureen (UCU Lady Cardinals)Nominees for Fans of the year -SC Villa-Onduparaka FC-KCCA FC-Tooro United FC-West Nile Province-Acholi Province-Lango Province-Bunyoro ProvinceFull List of the 2019 Airtel FUFA Awards Categories-FUFA Male Player of the Year 2019-FUFA Female Player of the Year 2019-FUFA Best XI 2019 (Men)-FUFA Best XI 2019 (Women) – New-FUFA Coach of the Year 2019-FUFA Women Football Coach of the Year – New-FUFA Presidential Award-FUFA Fair Play Award 2019 (UPL)-FUFA Upcoming Talent Award 2019 (FJL)-FUFA Beach Soccer Player of the Year-FUFA Fans’ Favorite Uganda foreign-based Player-Best Squad (Club/National Team) of a particular Year – New-FUFA Member Associations’ Award – New-Team Fans of the Year (FUFA Competitions) – NewComments
3 February 2016 – Government is ready to welcome delegates to the annual Investing in African Mining Indaba to be held in Cape Town. The indaba will also showcase the country’s prowess in the areas of mining and related fields.• Download media advisoryThe Indaba, to be held from 8th to 11th February 2016 in Cape Town, is the world’s largest gathering of mining’s most influential stakeholders and decision-makers on the African continent.Government activities will commence with the Minister of Mineral Resources Mr Mosebenzi J Mosebenzi (MP) officially opening the Indaba on Monday, 8th of February 2016.The opening of the Mining Indaba by Minister Zwane will be followed by a media briefing.The media briefing is scheduled to take place as follows:Date: Monday, 08 February 2016Time: 10:00 – 12:30Venue: Westin Hotel, Marco Polo Board Room, Cape Town, Western Cape ProvinceMinister Zwane will thereafter, together with the Ministers of Trade and Industry Dr Davies, Economic Development Mr Patell, Communications Ms Muthambi, Monitoring and Evaluation Mr Radebe and Public Enterprise Ms Brown, host an Investment Dialogue under the theme: “Driving competitiveness and ensuring growth and stability”.Details of the dialogue are as follows:Date: Monday, 08 February 2016Time: 14:00 – 16:00Venue: Auditorium IIPLEASE NOTE THAT ONLY ACCREDITED MEDIA WILL ACCESS THE VENUE, to register log on: https://www.miningindaba.comKindly confirm attendance with Neliswa Chiloane by Friday, 5th of February 2016, at the following email address: Neliswa.Chiloane@dmr.gov.zaEnds-Issued by the Department of Mineral Resources
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Should farmers be concerned with how tall or how much growth they are getting on their wheat with the great fall weather we have had? Account Manager Lisa Worl has some answers in this week’s DuPont Pioneer Field Report.
RELATED CONTENT Subscribe to Green Architects’ Lounge on iTunes— you’ll never miss a show, and it’s free! PODCAST: Foundations — Part 1Foam Under FootingsHow to Insulate a Basement WallPolyethylene Under Concrete SlabsBuilding an Unvented Crawl Space Insulating a Slab on GradePart 3 — GBA Passivhaus Series Phil and I have returned to continue our discussion on foundations. In Part One, we covered slabs and frost walls, and in this part we cover basements and crawl spaces.The Highlights:Do you really need a basement? If there’s no programmatic need for a basement (like the need for a workshop), then perhaps you can do without one.Insulation: Inside or outside? There are many reasons to insulate on either side. We weigh the pros and cons.ICFs. Insulated Concrete Forms are sometimes but not always cost-effective. After discussing the cost-effectiveness of ICFs, I share a neat thermal break detail for the bottom of ICF walls.Capillary breaks. Your concrete is like a sponge soaking up moisture — moisture out of the ground, and moisture originating as rain. You want to isolate your framing from this moisture. Also, I share the history of the termite shield.Sill seals. We talk about a couple of our favorites, and, as promised, we provide links. We’ve recently been using a couple of Protecto Wrap products, the Triple Guard Energy Sealer and the Premium Energy Sill Sealer. Phil’s office has been using gaskets from Conservation TechnologyThermomass. We have a discussion about this “inverted ICF” product. (Concrete on the outside, insulation in the middle.)Crawl spaces. Just don’t do them. If you do do them, treat them like mini-basements. As always, Phil treats us to a song that we should all have on the studio playlist. This time it’s the song “Content to Reform” by Diane Cluck.Thanks for tuning in. Have a great summer everyone. Cheers!TRANSCRIPTChris: Hey, we’re back. How are you doing, Phil?Phil: I’m doing great, Chris.Chris: Great, great. Nice drinks!Phil: Let’s pretend they’re not all done. We might need another to get us through the rest of the “foundations” topic. Foundations can be pretty dry stuff – if you do it right!Chris: Nice one. We did slabs in Part One. So, Part Two: here we go! Let’s talk about full-on basements. Phil, where does the insulation go: inside or outside?Phil: That’s a really great question! And you know what? We still do it both ways.Chris: Do you? Yeah, we do it too. If you’re doing out-sulation (you know, when you’re wrapping the building in foam), because your wall has projected out in front of that foundation, it’s very convenient and easy to keep that foam insulation going (or the rock wool or mineral wool types of insulation).Phil: Right. So, these are reasons why you’d choose insulation to the outside of your foundation wall.Chris: Right. Maybe you want to make that thermal mass work for you, you know? If it’s on the inside, it’s a warmer thing.Phil: Right. And sometimes that works. But you also have to heat up that whole mass.Chris: Exactly. Good point! Yes.Phil: Right. It’s a good question. The way it would work well is if you wanted to dampen the effect of the temperature swings. That would slow things down, so that’s one reason to do it.Chris: Martin wrote a great article on this. In fact, we’ll make sure that there’s a nice link off to the left of the page in the “Related Content” box.Phil: He goes through a few other things which I think are always on our minds. Another reason to insulate to the exterior is that it gives you more room in your basement.Chris: Oh, yeah.Phil: You don’t have to fill the studs in. You just stick it to the outside. You don’t subtract your square footage.Chris: That’s right.Phil: Duh, that’s a pretty good one. You also run into problems with stairs, if you have a stair on the outside wall. That whole thing goes away if you put exterior insulation on.Chris: You know, I think twice in my career, I’ve been brutally burned by that.Phil: Twice!Chris: Twice! And that’s why it sticks with me.Phil: Shame on you, Chris.Chris: Shame on me. Kid… intern… nice job… oh, yeah! And, what I’m talking about, people, is when your wall is not that thick – which, of course, shame on you there. (But this was years ago, Phil, years ago!) And you’re planning your stairs, and the first floor looked great, and you say, “Make sure the stair is down.” But then your foundation bumps in. And now your 3-foot-wide stair is 2-foot-6, and… Oops!Phil: And you try to insulate it – there’s no way!Chris: Oh, yeah. And now you’re done. Stupid architect!Phil: That’s how I learned!Chris: Yeah? Failure’s a great thing. It teaches you.Phil: Why else, Chris? Why else do we put it on the outside? One is: you could argue that it’s harder to insulate the rim joist – and air-seal the rim joist – on the inside. So, if you’ve got the insulation on the outside, that whole thing is gone. Sometimes we do that anyway, because you get a little extra insulation.Chris: Yeah, but… it’s going to be easier for me to argue why not to. For example: sure, you can run that insulation up and insulate the rim joist. But now, I’ve got to protect that insulation – I have to see that insulation from the outside – so, something’s going over it, whether it’s a stucco or it’s a metal. I’ve been doing this a lot; I don’t know if you have…Phil: Yeah.Chris: But if you’ve just got that 8-inch gap between your siding and the ground, with this level-ish building…Phil: What do you do with that? What a drag!Chris: I’ll tell you what I’d do: I’d get some coil stock.Phil: That’s it! That’s the best way to do it.Chris: Yeah. I’d get some coil stock metal with a matte finish (prefinished, whatever…) and you just run that around the perimeter of the building. It’s protected, and basically, it vanishes. And Bob’s your uncle. Done!Phil: Martin and his article has a whole list of strategies to handle that – metal flashings, fiberglass panels. (People are making fiberglass panels for that.) Another is EIFS. But to me, EIFS is kind of a crappy solution. It can get beat up; you can get your weed-whacker up against it.Chris: Oh, yeah. Or a kid with a baseball bat. Yeah. It’s tough stuff. But hey, it’s a solution.Phil: Cement board – I’ve seen that happen a few times. (It is an issue. You have to deal with that.)Chris: Right. And one way to deal with it: insulate on the interior, especially if you can spare that square footage on your building. Insulate on the interior. Basically, what you’re doing, thermally, is you’re removing the foundation wall from your whole assembly.Phil: That’s right. If you insulate on the exterior, it’s essentially a thermal bridge all the way through, unless you insulate underneath the footing.Chris: Exactly. And that’s where I was going with that. Underneath the footing – I’d say 98 times out of 100 – there’s no insulation under that footing. And that can be done, people. That can be done. We do it in commercial buildings – you can get higher-density foams. But that takes some know-how. Twenty-five hundred PSI is your presumptive soil pressure that you use and design your concrete for. I can get foam insulation that can take that amount of pressure. So, you can substitute that and put foam in underneath. But that’s another big step and another labor step and…Phil: We’ll throw you a detail. I would say, “Be bold!” Look into it. Take a simple job and try it.Chris: We’ll get into ICFs in a little bit – like the Passivhaus that I did in Saco – Roger Normand’s Passivhaus (Edgewaterhaus: I’ll give it a little plug!). I came up with this detail (and I was surprised that I seemed to be original about it).Phil: I’m not surprised. You’re smarter than you look.Chris: Well, thank you (Wait!). Where the ICF meets the footing – you pour a footing, business as usual – you put high-density foam right there along the bottom (it’s almost wedged in at the bottom of the ICF), and you pour the ICF wall on that. So, basically, the wall is this thermal mass inside this insulated thing.Phil: Essentially, it’s sort of a chunk of EPS that sits right in the bottom of the ICFs – just in that middle piece of cavity.Chris: Exactly. And I ask my engineer, “Why can’t I do this?” and he says, “Well…”Phil: “Well, I’m an engineer, so I’m going to say ‘No’ before I…”Chris: No, no. My engineer’s great. Joe Leasure. He’s a great guy; great guy. Give him a little shout-out: L&L Engineering. He’ll handle the creative stuff.He said, “Well, structures bear on the most rigid thing. So, what will happen is: it will compress (especially as it’s curing) but then, all of your little rebar that’s sticking out – that’s tying the footing to the wall – is going to take all the load.”Phil: So…?Chris: Exactly. And I said, “So…?” and he said, “So, you’re probably fine because there’s no way you’re going to crush that one-inch piece of steel, especially if it’s every three feet. But – here’s the thing – that steel is now open to moisture so it could (there’s not a lot of oxygen in there…) hypothetically spall. So I’m going to call for epoxy-coated rebar.” And I said, “are we done; we got it?” and he said, “yeah” and I said, “alright. We’re doing it!”Phil: That’s cool! Post that, Chris. That’s good.Chris: Yeah. It’ll be one of the details. ICF details. So, we were back to insulating on the inside… right?Phil: Right. Other reasons to do it.Chris: What’s Martin say? What were his reasons?Phil: One thing he says is it integrates more smoothly with the construction schedule. It happens after the building’s dried in, rather than when the excavation contractor wants to backfill. (Then you’ve added this extra variable to him. He does not like that!)Like we’ve just referenced, it’s easier to provide an uninterrupted connection between the below-slab insulation and the insulation to the interior. So then, your only connection is through your rim joist and up into the insulation. So, you don’t have to worry about that thermal break through the footing and the foundation wall.Chris: And people, you can always take that rim joist – by the way – and even build a normal 2×6 dumb house, you know? Just 2×6 and regular pink insulation. (I won’t name names of what kind it is, but you know what I mean: with fiberglass batts.). And you can take that rim joist and just move it in 2 inches – an inch and a half – and put a band of insulation around that. Boom! You’ve just created a thermal break for a good chunk of your house that ordinarily wouldn’t be there – that was cheap and easy. Sure, you’ve got to think a little, but only a little. Only a little, Phil.Phil: Only a little. It’s not so hard.Chris: So, we’ll post some details of insulating to the interior – which is, in my mind, easier to do.Phil: And then you don’t have to deal with that little chunk of foam of 8 inches on the exterior. You save money there. One of the other things, though, is: even though you put foam on the inside, you’ve got to cover it up by code. You can’t leave it exposed. So you have to put sheet rock over top of it, which means you have a stud wall again, with a chunk, or you go with Thermax… I don’t know if you’ve used that before…?Chris: I have, yeah.Phil: So, it’s a polyiso with a covering…Chris: A coating on the outside. Then you can get either foil or they’ve got a myriad – I used the word “myriad,” Phil…Phil: Really? I like “plethora,” but myriad’s good.Chris: They have a plethora of coating options.Phil: Thermax is expensive, but it’s still kind of a quick problem-solver, I think.Chris: If you’re not going for aesthetics or anything like that. I mean, maybe we’ll hear from them saying, “Hey, it’s not that bad looking. It looks good.” But basically, there are flame-spread ratings for Thermax.I think ICF people run into this all the time, where people are thinking, “Well, I will do an ICF foundation; maybe I’ll do sheetrock later or a gypsum wall board,” and so they leave it that way. And then the code-enforcement officer says, “Hey, hey, hey. You can’t leave it like this,” per whatever – I don’t have the citation number of that code, but because it doesn’t meet the flame-spread rating. So little Johnny can walk over with his lighter and start a fire just by holding it to your wall. You can’t have that in a building material.Phil: That’s right. One of the other things that we should talk about: what kind of insulation do you put on the outside of your house when you use it?Chris: Well, I’ll tell you what I like. I like using the Roxul mineral wool.Phil: The drain board.Chris: The drain board.Phil: It’s more rigid than the batts. It’s a different sort of thing.Chris: Oh, yeah. Yeah. People, get the drain board. It’s almost a board product. In fact, that’s what they call it so that you know it’s not batts. It’s hydrophobic, so…Phil: Water doesn’t stick to it.Chris: It sheds, it drains.Phil: Unlike polyiso, which likes to suck it up.Chris: Right. And what happens when you bring that in? You’re reducing your effective R-value of that material, because it’s now saturated and cold… conductive water. Polyiso is not a good subterranean insulation, generally speaking.Phil: No. XPS or EPS [are better].Chris: Those command that subterranean market, and are laced with fire-retardants and things like that. And that’s the reason why we’re trying not to use those.Phil: And one of the reasons we’re not using Roxul to the interior is that we’ve got some concerns with formaldehyde.Chris: Yeah. Formaldehyde and heavy metals, too. I don’t think it’s that bad anymore, because basically, a lot of it’s made from slag from steel manufacturing. It’s not as bad for you, but it is this waste product that can have all kinds of other contaminants to it, depending on how it’s separated from the manufacturing process of another product.Phil: So, if we shook our next drink, say, with a little bit of Roxul drain board… would we drink it?Chris: I would.[The guys laugh.]Phil: The answer is, “Wait! What’s the drink?”Chris: Yeah. Exactly. What is that drink? One of these! Gosh, these are good! I’m loving this cocktail, this episode. I’m going to give it five stars. Five stars.Phil: Oh, excellent! I’m glad to hear it. I don’t very often get to host the cocktail.Chris: Oh, but every time you do, it’s always a special one. And it’s always really good.Phil: Thanks for saying so, Chris.Chris: Well done. So, yeah. What were we doing? We were insulating to the inside. You’ve got to protect that rim joist. It’s good if you protect it both inside and outside. Be careful of the vapor sandwich that you could make.Let’s talk about capillary breaks, Phil. I remember, I don’t know… twelve years ago? A long time ago… Kid. Chris Briley’s in an architectural office, recommends to his superiors (or his upper management or whatever), “We should put a capillary break underneath the sill.” And they said, “A what??!”Phil: Really?Chris: I think it was the era. It was the early nineties. “What do you mean, capillary break? We’ve got sill seal.” Well, it’s different. It’s different than that little pink piece of foam.Phil: Or blue.Chris: It could be blue. But, what you’re trying to do is – Oh! Oh! I get to tell the termite shield story!Phil: Alright.Chris: And this may have come from Joe Lstiburek when he visited our college and spoke, but I’m not sure…But anyway. Back when… picture the thirties. Door-to-door salesmen, that sort of thing. Just like they’re convincing people to put lightning rods in their barns, they were also convincing builders and people to “protect your house from termites. Put a termite shield between your foundation and your sill plate.” And basically, that was just a bent piece of metal. It was just metal. It was metal flashing. But the theory was that this metal would project out and bend down. And the termites would crawl up your foundation and hit this metal that would bend down and go, “Oh, oh. We can’t climb around it.” And they’d fall. [The guys laugh.] And entomologists were outraged! They said, “That is ridiculous! They negotiate that in nature all the time. Leaf edges – all the time. That does not stop termites.” So they debunked the whole termite shield industry. And then, what should happen, but not maybe a decade later? All these houses that were in termite zones that did not have the termite shield were infested with termites. And those that had the termite shield were fine.Phil: How about that!Chris: How about that! And they said, “See! It protects you from termites. You entomologists are stupid.” And it takes another layer of science for them to go, “Well, actually, termites like – what kind of wood? – dying, dead, decaying wood. Just get in there. Moist wood.” So, basically, that metal – what it was doing – was not keeping the termite out, it was keeping the wood dry. So, ta-da! Capillary break; that’s what that is. So, the termite shield came back, and occasionally, you’ll still see it labeled as “termite shield.” Of course, it actually is a termite shield for the termite country because you’re desperate to keep that sill plate dry and clean and free of termites.Phil: So, what do you use? We use this little gasket by a company called Conservation Resources that we typically spec.Chris: Oh really? I don’t know if I knew that gasket. What did we just use…? I want to say it was Tremco. No, it wasn’t Tremco. Oh crap! I’m going to send a link; I even have a photo of it. I’m spacing out. Maybe I’ll edit in right here. [It was Protecto Wrap Triple Guard Energy sill seal.]Phil: Okay, we’ll both follow up.Chris: We’ll follow up and we’ll put in our products. It was a T-shaped product, so it capped the wall and then it ran down the wall and then you could put on your sill plate and you could peel off another piece of stickiness and put it back on. So, you just capped off everything and sealed it and…Phil: Alright. I want to see yours. I’ll show you mine if you show me yours.Chris: You’ve got it, buddy. That’s what this podcast is all about. He says with a wink.Phil: I’m glad this is not video.Chris: Yeah, me too. Thank God it’s radio.Phil: So, Joe Lstiburek had a six-digit idea.Chris: A six-digit idea? Did he use those words?Phil: He didn’t, but our friend Martin Holladay used those words in referencing one of Joe’s ideas.Chris: Well, he’s welcome to it. So, what did Joe say?Phil: He suggested that it was time for manufacturers of fiber-cement siding to create siding which is bumpy on the backside. Isn’t that a cool idea?Chris: Yeah.Phil: One of the questions I have is: would we gain anything if we had exterior insulation on the outside that was bumpy as well?Chris: Maybe.Phil: It would be akin to that dimple-mat.Chris: It would, but if you’re inviting air in behind the insulation – I mean, that could be cold air, so – it could be defeating your insulation.Phil: So, we’d have to seal that on the outside.Chris: Yeah.Phil: Maybe it’s not such a great idea. Joe was smarter than I was in this case; I was trying to interpolate.Chris: Well, nice try.Phil: I tried.Chris: But, I’m happy to shoot it down, Phil. Lob another one up and I’ll blast it away.Phil: I’ll let you know if I come up with anything.Chris: But, no. I love that idea. Why wouldn’t they make it so there are little gaps there?Phil: Yeah. There’s our rainscreen. We’re doing it all the time.Chris: Yeah. I’m shocked when I find out someone’s not doing a rainscreen. But, anyway, we’re talking about foundations. What about crawl spaces? Are we going to go to the evil, evil crawl spaces? Or do you want to talk about ICFs?Phil: Let’s talk about ICFs for a second. I know that ICFs are something that you guys are using.Chris: Yeah. Have you used ICFs?Phil: We’ve only managed to get it into a project once or twice. We used to start with it a lot more often, but it always gets value-engineered out. Builders say, “I can do that. Why can’t I just make my own?”Chris: You see, it’s interesting – because the projects that I’ve done, the builders do it themselves. They don’t hire the form-work guys. They are carpenters and they do the wall. They are happy to learn ICFs, and do the ICFs, and so they’ve adopted that as their trade. So, the concrete guy comes and delivers the concrete and vibrates it there and they do that.Phil: But, at the same time, proprietary ICF package is more expensive than just going out and buying your own XPS or whatever.Chris: Oh, without a doubt! You’re going to pay more for the product, but you’ll pay less for the labor. If your builder is not into that labor anyway – if that is not labor money that he is trying to carve out – then he’s not into that product. I think it’s one of those things where – and it doesn’t go off without a hitch. Heck! Just read Roger Normand’s Edgewaterhause blog. (You know, the Passivhaus idea.) Whooo! That was a tough ICF job. They were tall walls, and it was their first time doing it. Man. They had some blowouts and it’s really spooky to see an 8- to 10-foot tall wall full of concrete…Phil: Blow out?Chris: Well, not just blow out, but… You watch them true it up. They can shake it, wobble it… and you just think to yourself, “My God, that is heavy. That is a lot of weight that they’re just kind of moving with these braces and all that jazz.” So, it’s not easy. Everyone says it’s like Lego blocks and you fill ‘em – done! Awesome! And it actually takes a little more work than that. You’ve got to wire them up and get the rebar and someone’s got to do some engineering to it. But, we’ve done it successfully many times and it’s been, I think, a really great product.Phil: Well, I’d love to hear some comments from listeners, even if it’s just anecdotal. Are more people starting to use ICF, or is it going in the other direction?Chris: I tend to feel like it’s going in the other direction, but that’s personally. I think it’s going that way in our office. It’s been a while since we’ve done ICFs.Phil: I’ve had an issue in the past with some of the ICF guys – some of the sales folk – who say things like, “It’s equivalent to an R-40.”Chris: Yeah. In Arizona, punk!Phil: “It’s an effective R-40.”Chris: Yeah. “Effective!”Phil: And I’m counting it, saying, “Wait a second. You’ve got… 2 inches to the outside?!”Chris: And 2 inches to the inside! Yeah, here’s my pet peeve: that’s not science, buddy.Phil: That’s R-20!Chris: I think it was Oak Ridge National Laboratories – they did the whole ICF study – they actually did walls in different climates and tested this so-called “effective R-value” that these guys peddle. And, okay, here’s the thing: R-value is not even a real number; it’s a value.Phil: I thought ‘R’ stood for real!Chris: [He laughs] It’s supposed to be resistance, but ‘U’ is resistance and ‘U’ is a factor – because you are actually using that in an equation – and ‘R’ is a value so the consumer can understand it. ‘R’ is resistance. There are three ways to transfer heat (you know that): radiation, convection and conduction. And ‘R’ deals with conduction. So when they say, “an effective R-value” – Shut up! An R-value is resistance. By having concrete in there, you’re not increasing the R-value – you’re doing thermal mass – you’re increasing thermal mass. That’s a whole different metric and a whole different ball game. And so, I cannot plug R-40 or R-50 into my energy model. Thank you very much, moron.Phil: [He laughs] I’m with you. And I asked him, and he said, “A typical wall has thermal bridging everywhere – and we don’t have it – so, we’ve bumped up our numbers to…”Chris: Right.Phil: Come on, really??! Eyes wide open.Chris: Eyes wide open, people. Here’s the thing: if you’re insulating your foundation – the thing is, you can screw sheet rock right to it – have your builder run the numbers in terms of whether it’s cost-effective. And for you, and for that builder, it might get written off and deleted and then you go with something else. And I’m fine with that.Phil: Bottom line is that it’s not a bad product.Chris: Not a bad product.Phil: It’s a good idea. And maybe it’ll come down in price.Chris: But it’s not the only way to do this.Phil: It’s not. Have you ever used the Thermomass product, Chris? It’s like the inverse of ICF. You’ve got concrete on the outside and a chunk of insulation on the inside.Chris: I’m actually using that on a slab. We’re going to do the frost wall with that. I should say what it is, first. You can Google ‘Thermomass’ and you’ll see that it’s the opposite of ICF. They have a little insulated insert in the middle.Phil: Give us numbers, Chris. Do you know the thickness of the insulation? I remember it being – what is it – 4-2-4 or something like that?Chris: Yeah. 2-4-8-10… you can keep going. But, here’s the trick: there’s some engineering involved. You have to use proprietary insulation in the middle – it looks like just Dow blue board; it looks like XPS, but – it has this coating on each side of it that they say is important. You have to have this coating.Phil: It’s a thin layer of magic, and for that, you pay.Chris: Right. You can’t use some other product. So, you buy this sheet-good – it already has these pre-determined places where the little fiberglass thing goes through and it locks (so it sits in the form nicely and all that jazz). So it’s a great idea, a great product, but I always feel it’s overpriced. We almost did it on a project in New Hampshire, but we ended up just insulating to the interior because it just got cost-engineered out. Value-engineered out. But, we’re about to do it for this little frost wall.Paul: The cost is coming in okay?Chris: Yeah, it’s coming in okay. The builder is really fine with it. It’s a little early – it might fall out of the project – we’ll see.Paul: And you’re doing it because you just want to try it? It seems like a cool idea…?Chris: I’m doing it because the builder said that’s his preferred method of doing this, and have I ever heard of Thermomass? And I said, “Let’s talk, buddy!” So right now, I’ve got a builder who’s saying he likes the stuff, he’s used it before, he’s very comfortable with it, and he thinks it’s great. I think that it’s one of those things where, optimism is worth – I don’t know – ten to a hundred grand, depending on the size of the project. Attitude is worth something; it’s worth real cash money.Phil: I like the fact that you just quantified optimism in dollars. That’s awesome![They laugh.]Chris: Yeah, if only I could get paid for my optimism… I’d be rich!Phil: That’s really interesting about the Thermomass. I’m a little suspect. I remember walking the floor of a building energy conference a couple of years ago with my friend who’s an engineer and he looked at those concrete walls that were thinner – I think that the concrete was four inches – and he said, “I don’t like that. It feels funny to me. I don’t trust it.”Chris: Here’s the thing: they have their own engineering staff that will help you out and will stamp it. On this project in New Hampshire, we went through the engineering. Those fiberglass links? That’s what’s important about them. He said, “You don’t have a 10-inch wall anymore. You have two 4-inch walls.” Really we’re only bearing on one, so yikes! Engineering is a big piece of that.Phil: Alright. What else have we got? We’re pretty good!Chris: Well, except for crawl spaces.Phil: Alright. Do you want to talk a little bit about crawl spaces, Chris?Chris: Yeah. Don’t have them! Done!Phil: A crawl space is the same thing as basements, right? It’s a short, little basement. And if you’re really going to do it right, you’re going to do it the same way you did the basement.Chris: Exactly. With a slab and a vapor barrier, because… come on! The reason why we hate them and are calling them evil is because, a lot of times, they are open right to the ground. Right? So we have moisture coming up from the ground – and it’s lingering in the space – and then we have people saying, “Oh, then you need to vent the crawl space.” And then you have people saying, “No! For God’s sake, don’t vent the crawl space – now it’s a frigid crawl space with condensing water everywhere and now you’ve got bugs and all that.” They are evil, evil, evil things. Please don’t do them if you can help it. But they’re out there. And that’s the other thing. What about the existing foundation? I don’t know if we have time to get into the existing foundation.Phil: I don’t think so. I think that would be a deep-energy retrofit. A DER. Have we done a DER podcast?Chris: I feel like we have, actually. We’ve talked about it while drinking before, Phil.[They laugh.]Phil: That’s right. It could have been that.Chris: And again, I should just bring something with me all the time when we’re together – with beverages talking about architecture – because I always come away from these conversations saying, “Wow! We should do a podcast on whatever it was we just talked about.”Phil: That’s alright. That’s why we got inspired to do this!Chris: Yeah, exactly. We would actually go to a forum or a seminar, meet with that person who did the seminar, and you and I would be talking (or it’s just you and me in a group of people), and we say – “My God, this is way more interesting than what we just sat and listened to.” The stuff that we’re learning here, and the experiences that we’re all sharing…Phil: Maybe not quite as polished as the guy.Chris: Oh, nowhere near as polished. But that’s another attractive feature to it.Phil: Here it is; case in point.Chris: Alright. Do you want to wrap it up?Phil: Yeah.Chris: That’s “Foundations and Slabs and Stuff,” from the Green Architects’ Lounge.Phil: That was fun, Chris. Good to see you again.Chris: Good to see you again. Let’s do this real soon.Phil: Let’s do it. Cheers!Chris: Cheers!Phil: Cheers! Thanks, all![The episode closes with a song by Diane Cluck: “Content to Reform.”]